The total experience of playing a video game is called gameplay.
Mechanics (rules): The components of the game.
Dynamics (system): How these components act with the player and each other.
Aesthetics (experience): The response from the player when he interacts with the game system.
About specific games
RetroAhoy: Doom - 2016
RetroAhoy: Carmageddon - 2015
RetroAhoy: Syndicate - 2015
Handmade Hero - 2014
Learning to Create Games - 2015
How Board Games Matter - 2015
The Heart of Game Systems - 2015
A Brief History of Graphics - 2015
Crafting a 2D RPG - 2013
Multiplayer Logistics - 2013
Loops and arcs - 2012
The indie marketing plan - 2012
The Chemistry Of Game Design - 2007
What are game mechanics? - 2006
The Game Design Process - 1999
Books on Worldbuilding - 2018